Object Image

Barreyre. Alfred. 30 ans, né le 30/6/64 à Brassac (P. de Dôme). Gérant de restaurant. Anarchiste. 2/7/94.

Born into a distinguished family of scientists and statisticians, Bertillon began his career as a clerk in the Identification Bureau of the Paris Prefecture of Police in 1879. Tasked with maintaining reliable police records of offenders, he developed the first modern system of criminal identification. The system, which became known as Bertillonage, had three components: anthropometric measurement, precise verbal description of the prisoner’s physical characteristics, and standardized photographs of the face.

In the early 1890s Paris was subject to a wave of bombings and assassination attempts carried out by anarchist proponents of "propaganda of the deed." One of Bertillon’s greatest successes...

Albumen silver print from glass negative
4.1 x 2.8 x 0.2 in
Image and text © Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2019

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The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Permanent collection