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Early Contact: Interactions Between South and Southeast Asia

South Asian and Southeast Asian cultures have interacted from the beginning of the Common Era (and possibly earlier). Through traders, monks, political emissaries and missionaries, interactions between the two regions flourished, and the evidence of such interactions can be found in different aspects of everyday life including architecture, language, art, ritual and food.

Religious influences in Southeast Asia, including Hindu, Buddhist, Christian and Islamic, often followed the maritime trade routes which included routes from as far as Arabia and Yemen via South Asia to Southeast Asia. During the Pallava, Chola and Pala periods, India had extensive connections with the Central Java, Funan, Ch...

1st century CE – 19th century

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